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##

Breakdown for a state as vanishes

As observed by Vergini [194], if falls close to
a true eigenstate , then the scaling method fails to predict this
state accurately.
Fig. 6.12 shows this happening: the predicted shift heading towards
zero suddenly diverges in a first-order pole, giving an inaccurate
prediction.
The range of affected corresponds to the tension rounding
error
defined in Section 5.5.1.
Therefore the problem does not occur very often, and can be almost
(but never quite)
eliminated by a good choice of basis.
When it does occur it only affects the
one state involved.
It is very easy to detect because the norm of the state produced
automatically (Section 6.2.2) grows to be much larger than 1.

The reason for this type of error is that the tension of the scaling
eigenfunction has reached the tension minimum allowed by the basis.
The diagonal of behaves like
for a true
scaling eigenfunction. However the closest that can be achieved by the basis
representation is
(see Section 5.5.1).
Substitution of this diagonal term into (6.25) and then
(6.26) or (6.28) gives the observed pole in the predicted
shift.

It is possible to `cure' the problem completely by replacing by
the true area norm matrix in (6.25), which has no
singularity as passes through zero.
Then the predicted wavenumber shift is
.
This apparent cure is shown in Fig. 6.12.
However, has no strong quasi-diagonality property when expressed in the
scaling eigenfunction basis; the result is a severe loss in the quality
of most of the usable states (corresponding to a choice
in Fig. 6.10).

** Next:** Spurious surface-wave solutions
** Up:** Sources of error in
** Previous:** Deterioration of the eigenstates
Alex Barnett
2001-10-03